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Historical Context

Newman's Life

1801

Birth in London, February 21

1808

Enters school at Ealing.

1800-1814

Napoleon’s dictatorship.

As a child, Newman saw lights in the windows celebrating the naval victory of the Battle of Trafalgar.

1816

First religious conversion

1817

Studies at Trinity College, Oxford.

1822

Elected Fellow at Oriel College, Oxford.

1824-1830

Charles X’s attempt to restore Catholicism in France

1825

Ordained Anglican clergyman.

1828-43

Vicar of St. Mary the Virgin

1829

Catholic Emancipation Act (Great Britain)

1829

First Provincial Council of Baltimore (US)

1832-1833

A trip to the Mediterranean

1833

Start of the Oxford Movement

1841

Publishes Tract 90.

1842

Moves from Oxford to Littlemore.

1845

Received into the Roman Catholic Church.

1846-1878

Reign of Blessed Pope Pius IX.

The pope sent Newman a silver crucifix.

1847

Ordained a Catholic priest in Rome.

1848

Founded English Oratory of St. Philip Neri.

Newman took St. Philip Neri as his patron.

1850

Re-establishment of the English hierarchy.

Newman preached A Second Spring at the first synod of the hierarchy.

1852-1871

The hostility of Napoleon III to Catholicism

1852

First Plenary Council (US)

1854-1858

Founder and rector of Catholic University of Ireland.

1859

Opened Oratory School in Birmingham.

1859

Death of St. John Vianney (Cure of Ars)

Newman and the oratorians heard many confessions of Irish immigrants in Birmingham.

 

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1860

Death of St. John Nepomucene Neumann, Bishop of Philadelphia.

Newman worked like Neumann for the education of children.

 

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1864

Published Apologia pro vita sua.

1869-1870

Vatican I

Newman was invited by Pope Pius IX, as well as various bishops to attend the council.

1861-1888

Persecution of Catholics in Germany by William I and Bismark.

Newman’s Apologia was also a defense of Catholics in England. Before he had done likewise with The Present Position of Catholics in England.

1873

Birth of St. Therese of Lisieux

1878

Election of Pope Leo XIII.

Newman was the first to be elevated to cardinal by the new pope.

1879

Created cardinal by Pope Leo XIII.

All of England, Catholics and Protestants rejoiced with the news.

1889

Last mass, on Christmas Day

1890

Death in Birmingham, August 11

-Buried at Rednall, Birmingham

1889

Last mass, on Christmas Day

2010

Remains transferred to Birmingham Oratory